Le Pays Basque
The Basque Country or Euskal Herria, or the country of the Basque language (Euskara), is a tradition of the territory, culture and Basque history, which is associated an ethnic group, the Basques1. Vasconie called the Middle Ages, it stretches from the Ebro to the Adour, in both countries, mainly Spain and France, straddling the western end of the Pyrenees, and is bathed by the Gulf of Biscay.
It is difficult to determine accurately the contours of the Basque Country whose administrative boundaries do not always coincide with ethnic boundaries and culturelles2. According to the Academy of the Basque language, this is the Basque-speaking territories appointed in 1643 by the writer Axular in the foreword of his book "Gero" 3.4, ie the seven traditional Basque provinces ( Zazpiak Bat): Labourd, Soule, Lower Navarre, Navarre, Biscay, Alava and Gipuzkoa.
Based on this definition, the Basque Country currently covers 20 500 km2 and 3 million habitants5, divided into three distinct political entities: two Spanish regions, the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country (three provinces, Alava, Guipuzcoa and Biscay, represent 35% of the territory and 72% of the total population) and Navarre (over 50% of the territory and 19% of the total population) and a portion of the French department of Pyrenees-Atlantiques: Country French Basque (Labourd, Lower Navarre and Soule represent 15% of the territory and 9% of the population).
Content under CC-BY-SA 3.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.fr) Source: Article in French Basque Country Wikipedia (http: //fr.wikipedia. org / wiki / Pays_basque).